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Dutch Spal gunflint, fur trade period, pre 1800, Peoria Hist. Society

True arrow heads, 700-900 AD, Northampton, Peoria County

Buffalo Stone, Tiskilwa, Bureau County


Freedom Twp., Carroll County to
Elizabeth, Jo Daviess County


click on map for a larger image...

Note: Although Pooleís primary interest on this map is the 1833 Peoria Ė Galena State Coach Road surveyed by Levi Warner, he has penciled in a road leading from Gratiotís Grove to Galena. The Gratiotís Grove road probably was a remnant of an early Kellogg alignment and was recorded on the 1833 map of Illinois published in Tannerís Universal Atlas, (published in Philadelphia, 1833, and reprinted by the Illinois State Historical Library in 1968). Gratiotís Grove (in present day Wisconsin) was an important early settlement in Wisconsinís Shullsburg mining area. J.P. and Henry Gratiot bought their land at the Grove from the Winnebago Indians in 1829, and their mining and smelting facilities were in full operation prior to the Black Hawk War.

Commentary and notes by Patricia L. Goitein, Editor, Galena Trail Newsletter


Copyright © Pat Goitein
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